Christianity 201

February 29, 2012

On Passing Curses to the Next Generation

Start digging deep into scripture with friends, and sooner or later, someone is going to bring up the subject of “generational curses.” Andrew Gabriel is a professor at Horizon College, a school of the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada which is the Canadian equivalent of the Assemblies of God denomination. This appeared at the blog Pentecostal Post under the title, Do Generational Curses Exist?

We were discussing the doctrine of sin in a class I was teaching, and the question came: “What do you think of generational curses?”

This depends on what you mean by a generational curse. If a person means that a person can be socialized to learn sinful habits from parental influence, then the idea makes good sense (although such an idea doesn’t require the label of “generational curse”). However, it seems when people use the phrase “generational curse,” they generally have in mind the idea that a person is experiencing “spiritual bondage” that involves demonic influence as a result of sin in previous generations.

Where does this idea come from? The main biblical text is:

Exodus 20:5-6 ~ You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

There are many problems with trying to get the “generational curse” theory out of this text. First, while it affirms punishment for numerous generations, it also affirms God’s love for those who obey him. So what happens if the second generation obeys God? Are they still cursed? To follow the logic behind the “generational curse” theory, then the second generation, and thousands more, would be loved by God regardless of their response to him. Rather than teaching a logic of generational cursing, this text seems to be contrasting the expansive love of God (to a thousand!) versus the punishment of God (to just a few). Consider also Exodus 34:6-7.

The even bigger problem with concluding that this text teaches “generational curses” is that the word “curse” doesn’t occur in the text. Rather, it speaks of punishment, and the punishment doesn’t involve demonic influence (that could hypothetically be denounced, as the generational curse proponents teach); the punishment comes from God.

Of course, there are other biblical texts that might point to the idea of generational curses. Consider, for example,

Deuteronomy 11:26-28~ See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse; the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God that I am giving you today; the curse if you disobey the commands of the LORD your God and turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods, which you have not known.

However, unlike the text from Exodus above, there is here no sense of generational continuation from the curse. Furthermore, numerous biblical texts (even in the Old Testament) make it clear that “The child will not share the guilt of the parent” (Ezekiel 18:20).

Just to be clear, I am not denying that demons have real influences in this world. I am, however, denying that the Bible teaches that generational curses exist. More importantly, I would certainly affirm that God can (and does) set people free from all kinds of nasty habits or oppressive thinking. One thing we can proclaim with certainty, is that whatever curse there was for not obeying the law in the Old Testament, “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law” (Galatians 3:13).

If you are interested in reading further about this idea, this is a good article.


  1. There are very real effects of generational curse according to the reports that I have. In other words, some issues or problems travel down the family tree.
    What may not be well understood is why this happens. What is the mechanism?

    The best guess is there are several factors at work which include:

    1. Unresolved sin and trauma may have continuing effects on future generations. The family may be reaping the consequences of sin. Intercede as a family member for the sins and ask God for forgiveness in Jesus name and through the blood of Jesus.
    2. Unbroken curses by others may continue to operate against the family until the curse is recognized and broken. “I cut it off in the name of Jesus.”
    3. Demonic transference is going on constantly at the time of death of a family member. The demons in one person who dies simply transfer location to a close family member of the deceased. This is most obvious when the very disease the person died of begins in a close family member.

    Three factors is enough to show that there are several mechanisms by which problems of past generations visit future generations.

    You can be quite confident that a variety of issues pass down the family trees including the above, the consequences of sin, unbroken curses against the family and demonic entities that lodge in family members.

    By the way, these do not “go away” because one is born again. They need to be dealt with specifically and effectively.

    Comment by George — March 2, 2012 @ 8:18 pm | Reply

    • Where are the Scriptures for you to prove all of that, Mr. George?

      Comment by Natan — April 4, 2012 @ 6:47 pm | Reply

  2. We can’t base our beliefs on other people’s experiences or even ours, that is very dangerous. We should stay with the Word of God!

    Comment by Natan — April 5, 2012 @ 5:55 am | Reply

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